Mood Disorders encompass Bipolar Disorder, Major Depression Disorder and Anxiety Disorders. I provide Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT,) Psychodynamic Interpersonal Counseling and Experiential Exercises to guide individuals with understanding and managing their symptoms.
Mood Disorders Versus Adjustment Disorders
Counseling is helpful when someone is going through a major life change. In the field of Psychology, we refer to these stressors as Adjustment Disorders. For example, when we suffer a loss from a loved one passing away, we may pursue Grief Counseling. Adults can also benefit from talking to a Licensed Professional Counselor about relational issues with friends, co-workers, family members or a spouse. Adolescents with an Adjument Disorder may experience depressive or anxious symptoms as a result of social and educational stressors. For example, Juniors and Seniors experience a great deal of stress about going to college or choosing a trade. Children can struggle with adjusting to changing schools or moving to another home. An individual with an Adjustment Disorder is experiencing anxious or depressive symptoms due to their current situation. Usually, when an individual adjusts to the situation, he or she stops having these symptoms. Working with a counselor can help one resolve the issue faster and more effectively.
7% of the population in the United States experience depression in their life span (American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.) Individuals usually experience sadness and/or emptiness. They may experience changes in energy, sleep and eating patterns. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is commonly used to address negative thinking patterns that are often experienced by depressed individuals. Major Depressive Disorder is one of several depressive disorders. A counselor or psychiatrist can evaluate someone and determine what Depressive Disorder he or she is experiencing. Sometimes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is all that is needed to treat Major Depressive Disorder or other Depressive Disorders, but many times both medication and CBT are used.
I often hear a person who has a volatile temper referred to as Bipolar. While irritability can be a symptom of either Bipolar Type I or Type II, irritability or a volatile temper is not an accurate description of someone suffering from this mental illness. "Bipolar disorder is an illness that affects the mind. Specifically, it alters a person’s ability to control their moods, thoughts, and the way they see the world around them. A person suffering from bipolar will travel back and forth on a very long mood spectrum that they cannot control. This includes moods typical people will never experience, such as suicidal thoughts or living in a consequence-free environment where a person feels invincible"(Howard, Gabe (2017) Three Simple Ways to Explain Bipolar Disorder to Others. Retrieved from https://www.bphope.com/blog/3-simple-ways-to-explain-bipolar-disorder-to-others/ ). Bipolar Type I and Bipolar Type II require both medication and counseling to manage.
"Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the United States age 18 and older, or 18.1% of the population every year" (Anxiety and Depression Association of America (2016) Facts and Statistics. Retrieved from https://adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics). Individuals with Anxiety Disorders experience fear and often avoid situations where they experience anxiety. There are several types of Anxiety Disorders and it is important for you to be evaluated by a counselor or psychiatrist to determine if you have one or more Anxiety Disorders. Cogntive Behavioral Therapy is an effective treatment for managing these disorders.